Benedictine Secular Order of the Missionaries of Charity
Ordem Secular dos Beneditinos Missiónarios da Caridade
The Benedictine Confederation
The Benedictine Secular Order of the Missionaries of Charity is a union of monastic orders which, despite this, maintained their internal autonomy, as established by Pope Leo XIII in "Summum semper" (July 12, 1893), later approved by his successors. Pius XII explicitly ordered that this union be regulated by a "lex propria", which was later revised by the Second Vatican Council.
The Archbishops (8)
1. Rembert George Weakland OSB
born at Patton (Altoona) 2 April 1927; professed in the Archabbey of Latrobe 23 September 1946; priest 24 June 1951; Coadjutor Archabbot of Latrobe 26 June 1963; abbatial blessing 29 August 1963; elected fifth Abbot Primate 29 September 1967; named Archbishop of Milwaukee 17 September 1977; consecrated 8 November 1977 at Milwaukee, in the Cathedral of Saint John, by Jean Jadot, Titular Archbishop of Zuri, Apostolic Delegate in the United States of America, assisted by William Edward Cousins, Archbishop emeritus of Milwaukee and by William Graham Connare, Bishop of Greensburg; resigned 24 May 2002.
2. Daniel William Kucera OSB
born at Chicago 7 May 1923; professed in the Abbey of Lisle - Saint Procopius 16 June 1944; priest 26 May 1949; Abbot of Lisle – Saint Procopius 8 July 1964; abbatial blessing 19 August 1964; resigned 1 June 1971; named Titular Bishop of Natchez and Auxiliary of Joliet in Illinois 30 May 1977; consecrated 21 July 1977 at Joliet, Cathedral of Saint Raymond Nonnatus, by Romeo Roy Blanchette, Bishop of Joliet in Illinois, assisted by Andrew Gregory Grutka, Bishop of Gary, and by Raymond James Vonesh, Titular Bishop of Vanariona and Auxiliary of Joliet in Illinois; Apostolic Administrator of Joliet in Illinois from 30 January 1979 to 28 August 1979; Bishop of Salina 5 March 1980; Archbishop of Dubuque 16 December 1983; resigned 16 October 1995.
3. Daniel Mark Buechlein OSB
born at Jasper (Evansville) 20 April 1938; professed in the Archabbey of Saint Meinrad 5 August 1959; priest 3 May 1964; named Bishop of Memphis 16 January 1987; consecrated 2 March 1987 at Memphis, in the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, by Thomas Cajetan Kelly, O.P., Archbishop of Louisville, assisted by James Francis Stafford, Archbishop of Denver, and by Edward Thomas O'Meara, Archbishop of Indianapolis; Archbishop of Indianapolis 14 July 1992; resigned 21 September 2011.
4. Jerome George Hanus OSB
born at Brainard (Lincoln) 26 May 1940; professed in Conception Abbey 1 September 1961; priest 30 July 1966; Abbot of Conception Abbey 5 January1977; abbatial blessing 6 January 1977; named Bishop of Saint Cloud 6 July 1987; consecrated 1987, 24 August, at Collegeville, Abbey Church of Saint John, by John Robert Roach, Archbishop of Saint Paul and Minneapolis, assisted by John Joseph Sullivan, Bishop of Kansas City-Saint Joseph, and by George Henry Speltz, Bishop emeritus of Saint Cloud; Coadjutor Archbishop of Dubuque 23 August 1994; succeeded to the metropolitan see of Dubuque 16 October 1995; resigned 8 April 2013.
5. Francesco Pio Tamburrino OSB
born at Oppido Lucano (Acerenza) 6 January 1939; professed 11 October 1955; priest 29 August 1965; Abbot Ordinary of Montevergine 29 November 1989; confirmed 20 January 1990; abbatial blessing 24 March 1990; named Bishop of Teggiano-Policastro 14 February 1998; consecrated 25 March 1998 at Montevergine, in the Basilica Cathedral of Santa Maria, by Michele Cardinal Giordano, Archbishop of Napoli, assisted by Gerardo Pierro, Archbishop of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno, and by Serafino Sprovieri, Archbishop of Benevento; resigned and named Archbishop ad personam and Secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments 27 April 1999; appointed Archbishop of Foggia-Bovino 2 August 2003.
6. Mathew Moolakkatt OSB
born at Uzhavoor (Kottayam) 27 February 1953; priest 27 December 1978; professed in 1994; named Titular Bishop of Hólar and Auxiliary of Kottayam 6 November 1998; consecrated 6 January 1999 at Rome, in Saint Peter`s Basilica, by His Holiness Pope John Paul II, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, Titular Archbishop of Vescovio and Substitute of the Secretariat of State for General Affairs, and by Francesco Monterisi, Titular Archbishop of Alba maritima and Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops; Coadjutor Bishop of Kottayam 29 August 2003; Coadjutor Archbishop of Kottayam 9 May 2005; succeeded to the Metropolitan see of Kottayam 12 December 2005.
7. Robert Jean Louis Le Gall OSB
born at Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcouët (Coutances) 26 February 1946; professed 8 December 1965; solemn vows 8 December 1970; priest 24 August 1974; elected Abbot of Sainte-Anne de Kergonan 27 May 1983; named Bishop of Mende 16 October 2001; consecrated 6 January 2002 at Mende, in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de l`Assomption et Saint Privat by Paul Josepph Jean Cardinal Poupard, President of the Pontifical Council for Culture, assisted by Jean-Pierre Bernard Ricard, Archbishop of Bordeaux, and Paul Émile Joseph Bertrand, Bishop emeritus of Mende; appointed Archbishop of Toulouse 11 July 2006.
8. Fabrio Bernardo D'Onorio OSB
born at Veroli, Italy, 20 August 1940; professed 30 September 1962; priest 4 June 1966; elected Abbot Ordinary of Montecassino 19 June 1983; received the abbatial blessing 25 April 1983; named Titular Bishop of Minturno 13 April 2004; consecrated 16 May 2004 at Montecassino, in the Cathedral Basilica, by Giovanni Battista Cardinal Re, Prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, assisted by Francisco Pio Tamburrino OSB, Archbishop of Foggia-Bovino, and Imre Asztrik Várszegi OSB, Titiular Bishop of Culusi and Abbot Ordinary of Pannonhalma; appointed Archbishop of Gaeta 20 September 2007; resigned 21 April 2016.
The Bishops (21)
9. Fulgence Werner Le Roy OSB
born at Beervelde (Gand) 23 August 1924; professed in the Abbey of Affligem 22 September 1947; priest 20 July 1952; Abbot of Pietersburg 18 December 1974; named Titular Bishop of Ausafa 10 July 1975; consecrated 14 September 1975 at Pietersburg, in the Abbey Church, by George Francis Daniel, Archbishop of Pretoria, assisted by Peter Fanyana John Butelezi OMI, Bishop of Umtata, and by Thomas John Durkin MSC, Bishop of Louis Trichardt-Tzaneen; first Bishop of Pietersburg 15 December 1988; resigned 17 February 2000.
10. Maximilian Aichern OSB
born at Wien 26 December 1932; professed in the Abbey of Sankt Lambrecht 1 March 1955; priest 9 July 1959; Coadjutor Abbot of Sankt Lambrecht 27 May 1964; abbatial blessing 12 July 1964; succeeded as Abbot of Sankt Lambrecht 24 February 1977; named Bishop of Linz 15 December 1981; consecrated 17 January 1982 at Linz, in the cathedral, by Franz Cardinal König, Archbishop of Wien, assisted by Franz Zauner, Bishop emeritus of Linz, and by Alois Wagner, Titular Bishop of Siccenna and Vice President of the Pontifical Council “Cor Unum;” resigned 18 May 2005.
11. Ronald Philippe Bär OSB
born at Manado 29 July 1928; professed in the Abbey of Chevetogne 29 December 1955; priest 26 July 1959; named Titular Bishop of Leges and Auxiliary of Rotterdam 15 January 1982; consecrated 20 March 1982 at Rotterdam, in the Cathedral of Saints Lawrence and Elizabeth, by Adrianus Johannes Simonis, Bishop of Rotterdam, assisted by Martin Antoon Jansen, Bishop emeritus of Rotterdam, and by Theodorus Hendrik Zwartkruis, Bishop of Haarlem; Military Ordinary for the Netherlands 22 November 1982; Bishop of Rotterdam 19 October 1983, remaining Military Ordinary for the Netherlands; resigned from Rotterdam and the Military Ordinariate for the Netherlands 13 March 1993.
12. Giovanni Paolo Gibertini OSB
born at Ciano d`Enza (Reggio Emilia-Guastalla) 4 May 1922; professed in the Abbey of Parma 7 October 1939; priest 12 August 1945; Abbot of Parma 6 December 1979; abbatial blessing 13 January 1980; named Bishop of Ales e Terralba 23 March 1983; consecrated 25 April 1983 at Parma, in the Abbey Church of San Giovanni, by Sebastiano Cardinal Baggio, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Bishops, assisted by Francesco Spanedda, Archbishop of Oristano, and by Benito Cocchi, Bishop of Parma; Bishop of Ales-Terralba 30 September 1986; Bishop of Reggio Emilia-Guastalla 11 July 1989; resigned 27 June 1998.
13. Joseph John Gerry OSB
born at Millinocket (Portland) 12 September 1928; professed in the Saint Anselm`s Abbey, Manchester 2 July 1948; priest 12 June 1954; Abbot of Saint Anselm`s, Manchester, 6 January 1972; abbatial blessing 11 January 1972; named Titular Bishop of Praecausa and Auxiliary of Manchester 4 February 1986; consecrated 21 April 1986 at Manchester, Cathedral of Saint Joseph, by Odore Joseph Gendron, Bishop of Manchester, assisted by Ernest John Primeau, Bishop emeritus of Manchester, and by Robert Edward Mulvee, Bishop of Wilmington; Bishop of Portland 21 December 1988; resigned 10 February 2004.
14. Amédée Grab OSB
born at Schwyz (Chur) 3 February 1930; professed in the Abbey of Einsiedeln 8 September 1950; priest 12 June 1954; named Titular Bishop of Cenae and Auxiliary of Lausanne, Genève et Fribourg 3 February 1987; consecrated 12 April 1987 at Fribourg, Saint Nicholas Cathedral, by Pierre Mamie, Bishop of Lausanne, Genève et Fribourg, assisted by Gabriel Bullet, Titular Bishop of Glavinitza and Auxiliary of Lausanne, Genève et Fribourg, and by Henri Schwery, Bishop of Sion; Bishop of Lausanne, Genève et Fribourg 9 November 1995; Bishop of Chur 12 June 1998; resigned 5 February 2007.
15. Imre Astrik Várszegi OSB
born at Sopron (Gyor) 26 January 1946; professed in the Archabbey of Pannonhalma 15 August 1965; priest 29 August 1971; named Titular Bishop of Culusi and Auxiliary of Esztergom 23 December 1988; consecrated 11 February 1989 at Esztergom, in the Basilica, by László Cardinal Paskai OFM, Archbishop of Esztergom, assisted by László Danko, Archbishop of Kalocsa, and by István Seregély, Archbishop of Eger; Abbot of Pannonhalma 5 January 1991; confirmed as Abbot Ordinary of Pannonhalma 18 March 1991.
16. Viktor Josef Dammertz OSB
born at Schäphuysen (Münster) 8 June 1929; professed in the Archabbey of Saint Ottilien 16 September 1954; priest 21 September 1957; Archabbot of Saint Ottilien 8 January 1975; abbatial blessing 2 February 1975; Abbot Primate from 22 September 1977 to 19 September 1992; named Bishop of Augsburg 24 December 1992; consecrated 30 January 1993 at Augsburg, in the Cathedral, by Friedrich Cardinal Wetter, Archbishop of München und Freising, assisted by Lajos Kada, Titular Archbishop of Thibica, Apostolic Nuncio in Germany, and by Josef Stimpfle, Archbishop Bishop emeritus of Augsburg; resigned 9 June 2004.
17. Martín de Elizalde OSB
born at Buenos Aires 23 October 1940; professed in the Abbey of San Benito 11 February 1961; priest 5 janv 1971; named Prior Administrator of San Benito 5 March 1971; Conventual Prior of San Benito 18 November 1976; Abbot of San Benito 9 February 1983; abbatial blessing 22 February 1983; Apostolic Administrator of Nueve de Julio, sede vacante, 21 September 1998; named Bishop of Nueve de Julio 6 July 1999; consecrated 14 September 1999 at Luján, in the Basilica ofNuestra Señora de Luján, by Carlos Walter Galán, Archbishop of La Plata, assisted by Emilio Ogñénovich, Archbishop of Mercedes-Luján, and by Estanislao Esteban Karlic, Archbishop of Paraná.
18. António Fernando Saburido OSB
born at Juçaral, Cabo de Santo Agostinho (Olinda e Recife) 10 June 1947; professed in the Abbey of São Bento, Olinda, 21 March 1978; priest 17 December 1983; named Titular Bishop of Tacia montana and Auxiliary of Olinda e Recife 31 May 2000; consecrated 20 August 2000 at Recife, in the Ginásio de Esportes Geraldo Magalhães (Geraldão), by José Cardoso Sobrinho, O.Carm., Archbishop of Olinda e Recife, assisted by Marcelo Pinto Carvalheira, Archbishop of Paraíba, and by Clemente José Carlos Isnard OSB, Bishop emeritus of Nova Friburgo; Bishop of Sobral 18 May 2005; Archbishop of Olinda e Recife 1 July 2009.
19. John Mark Jabalé OSB
born at Alexandria, Egypt, 16 October 1933; professed 29 September 1953; priest 13 July 1958; elected Abbot of Belmont 1 September 1993; received the abbatial blessing 12 November 1993; named Coadjutor Bishop of Menevia 7 November 2000; consecrated 7 December 2000 at Swansea, Wales, in the Cathedral of Saint Joseph, by Daniel Joseph Mullins, Bishop of Menevia, assisted by Edwin Regan, Bishop of Wrexham, and Michael Ambrose Griffiths OSB, Bishop of Hexham and Newcastle; succeeded to the see of Menevia 12 June 2001; retired 16 October 2008.
20. Roger William Gries OSB
born at Cleveland, Ohio 26 March 1937; professed 11 July 1957; priest 16 May 1953; elected Abbot of Saint Andrew`s Abbey 9 June 1981; received the abbatial blessing 30 August 1981; named Titular Bishop of Præsidium and Auxiliary of Cleveland 3 April 2001; consecrated 7 June 2001 at the Cathedral of Saint John the Evangelist, Cleveland, Ohio, by Anthony Michael Pilla, Bishop of Cleveland, assisted by Alexander James Quinn, Titular Bishop of Socia and Auxiliary of Cleveland, and Anthony Edward Pevec, Titular Bishop of Mercia and Auxiliary of Cleveland. Pope Francis accepts resignation as auxiliary bishop, 1 November 2013.
21. Francis Dean Alleyne OSB
born at Point-à-Pierre, Trinidad and Tobago (Port of Spain) 3 December 1951; professed 8 December 1975; priest 7 July 1985; elected Abbot of Tunapuna 24 October 1995; received the abbatial blessing, 10 December 1995; named Bishop of Georgetown 30 October 2003; consecrated 30 January 2004 at Georgetown, Guyana, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, by Edward Joseph Gilbert, C.Ss.R., Archbishop of Port of Spain, assisted by Lawrence Aloysius Burke, S.J., Archbishop of Kingston in Jamaica, and Benedict Singh, Bishop emeritus of Georgetown.
22. Gregório Leozírio Paixão Neto OSB
born at Aracaju, Brazil, 3 November 1964; priest 21 March 1993; named Titular Bishop of Ficus and Auxiliary of São Salvador da Bahia 7 June 2006; consecrated 29 July 2006 at Salvador, Brazil, in the Cathedral Basilica, by Geraldo Majella Cardinal Agnelo, Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, assisted by João Carlos Petrini, Titular Bishop of Augurus and Auxiliary of São Salvador da Bahia, and Josafá Menezes da Silva, Titular Bishop of Gummi in Byzacena and Auxiliary of São Salvador da Bahia. Appointed 10 October 2012 Bishop of Petropolis, Brazil.
23. Gregor Maria Franz Hanke OSB
born at Elbersroth, Germany (Eichstätt) 2 July 1954; priest 10 September 1983; elected Abbot of Plankstetten 13 July 1993; received the abbatial blessing 2 October 1993; named Bishop of Eichstätt 14 October 2006; consecrated 2 December 2006 at Eichstätt, in the Cathedral, by Ludwig Schick, Archbishop of Bamberg, assisted by Walter Mixa, Bishop of Augsburg, and Gabriel Akwasi Abiabo Mante, Bishop of Jasikan.
24. Cletus Chandrasiri Perera OSB Silv.
born at Seeduwa, Sri Lanka (Colombo) 6 September 1947; professed 28 February 1965; solemn vows 17 February 1971; priest 4 August 1973; named Bishop of Ratnapura 4 May 2007; consecrated 11 July 2007 at Rome, in the Basilica of the Twelve Holy Apostles, by Joseph Vianney Fernando, Bishop of Kandy, assisted by Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don, Titular Archbishop of Umbriatico and Secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and Harold Anthony Perera, Bishop of Galle and Apostolic Administrator of Ratnapura.
25. Marian Eleganti OSB
born at Uznach, Sankt Gallen, 1955; professed 2 October 1991; solemn vows 2 October 1994; priest 23 June 1995; elected abbot 15 July 1999; named auxililary bishop of Chur, titular bishop of Lamdia 7 December 2009; consecrated 31 January 2010 in the Cathedral of Chur by Vitus Huonder, Bishop of Chur.
26. Hugh Gilbert OSB
born at Emsworth, Hampshire, 15 March 1952; solemn vows 10 March 1979; priest 29 June 1982; elected abbot of Pluscarden Abbey 29 October 1992; named Bishop of Aberdeen 4 June 2011; consecrated 15 August 2011 in Saint Mary's Cathedral, Aberdeen, by Keith Michael Patrick Cardinal O'Brien, Archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh, assisted by Mario Joseph Conti, Archbishop of Glasgow, and Peter Anthony Moran, Bishop Emeritus of Aberdeen.
27. Dr. Dominicus Meier OSB
born Heggen, Sauerland, Germany, 10 July 1959; professed vows, 1983; priest, 1989; elected third abbot of Königsünster, 2001; term as abbot ended 2014; named Titular Bishop of Castro di Sardegna and Auxiliary Bishop of Paderborn, 15 July 2015; consecrated 29 September 2015 by Archbishop Hans-Josef Becker in the Cathedral of Paderborn.
The Abbots Ordinary (6)
1. Mauro Meacci OSB
born Pisa, Italy, 4 November 1955; professed; priest 11 July 1988; appointed Abbot Ordinary of Subiaco, 10 February 1996.
2. Paolo Lunardon OSB
born Cuasso al Monte 25 May 1930; priest 8 July 1956; appointed Abbot Ordinary of San Paolo fuori le Mura 25 July 1997; resigned 1 April 2005.
3. Urban Federer OSB
born Zurigo-Fluntern, Switzerland, 17 August 1968; solemn vows 1 November 1992; priest 11 June 1994; appointed Abbot Ordinary of Einsiedeln Abbey, 10 December 2013.
4. Michele Petruzzelli OSB
born Bari, Italy, 1 August 1961; solemn vows 1990; priest 5 August 1998; appointed Abbot Ordinary of Santissima Trinità di Cava de’ Tirreni, 14 December 2013.
5. Riccardo Luca Guariglia OSB
born Santa Maria di Castellabate, 2 March 1967; solemn vows 1997; priest 29 April 2000; appointed Abbot Ordinary of Montevergine, 20 September 2014.
6. Donato Ogliari OSB
born Erba, Italy, 10 December 1956; priest 9 July 1982; solemn vows 1992; appointed Abbot Ordinary of Montecassino, 23 October 2014.
Notes on Episcopal Lineage
Twenty-six of the 28 bishops above trace their episcopal lineage back to Scipione Rebiba in 1541. Bishop Varszegi, is non-Rebiban, and he goes back to Jakub Uchanski in 1552 -- the Polish lineage. Bishop Alleyne is one of the few bishops of the Roman rite to have a Maronite lineage. His consecrator, Archbishop Gilbert, was consecrated by Archbishop Kelvin Felix of Castries, who was in turn consecrated by the then Apostolic Delegate in the Antilles, Archbishop Paul F. Tabet, a Maronite.
From 2012 to 2013 the number of bishops has increased by 40 from 5,133 to 5,173. In North America and Oceania there has been a reduction of 6 and 5 bishops respectively, in contrast to an increase of 23 in the rest of the American continent, 5 in Africa, 14 in Asia. and 9 in Europe.
Pope Francis created 19 cardinals, 22 February 2014, and 20 cardinals, 14 February 2015. Pope Benedict XVI (2005-2013) created 90 cardinals in five consistories -- The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church (visited 19 April 2015).
The number of priests, diocesan and religious, increased from 414,313 in 2012 to 415,348 in 2013. The number of professed religious other than priests has grown by 1%, from 54,708 in 2005 to 55,000 in 2013. They have increased in number in Africa by 6% and Asia by 30%, and decreased in America (2,8%), Europe (10.9%) and Oceania (2%). The significant reduction in women religious is affirmed: currently 693,575 compared to 760,529 in 2005: -18.3% in Europe, -17.1% in Oceania, and -15.5% in America. However, an increase of 18% in Africa and 10% in Asia is recorded.. -- Pontifical Statistical Yearbook, 2015.
In the United States, 2014, there are 38,275 priests, 17,464 permanent deacons, 4,318 brothers, and 49,883 sisters, according to CARA Services, Georgetown University.
Since 2005, the number of Catholics worldwide has increased from 1,115 million to 1,254 million, an increase of 139 million faithful. During the last two years, the presence of baptised Catholics in the world has increased from 17.3% to 17.7%. -- Pontifical Statistical Yearbook, 2015.